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YEAR 2005
18. Hippies
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The Hippy Movement and Nudism, by Carlos Ortega ADN member No. 332
After the Second World War many freedoms, legal rights or just practices, such as nudism, which had been accepted or tolerated, were abolished and persecuted in its aftermath. Nudism was, then, looked down upon in some cases, if not entirely banned, as it was in others, by the new rulers who did not have better priorities. And so, after the war, a wave of Puritanism spread all over.
Among hippies there are not false pretexts. Their life style is ‘free love’, nature, and peace. Many young people in the 60s dreamt of living in a commune
 
It was not until the mid 60s, when the Hippy Movement was born, in the United States, in opposition to the Vietnam War, that we see a crack in the system of values of the consumption society and the traditional family. This movement kept evolving, embracing Eastern Philosophies and concepts, and global pacifism. The hippies and later movements prepared the ground for the rebirth of naturism and nudism.

By rejecting violence, the hippies preach harmony, mainly between human beings and the environment. This harmony is translated into their life styles: they live in communes where the material goods and work are shared among their members. They do not kill animals, and many become vegetarians. Also, traditional marriage is replaced by love, which means that this new relation is based on the so called ‘free love’.

Hippies are, therefore, pacifists; love, nakedness and respect for nature, thus living in a natural environment, are other features of the movement..

Hippy communes became alternatives to the traditional family
 
Although the hippy movement, (albeit very different in ideas amongst its followers), brought about an increase in the consumption of al kinds of drugs, it also made a crack in the traditional values of a puritan world, by openly trying out alternative ways of living. Vegetarians and nudists gained ground and now they are respected alternatives, although there is still a long way to go until the latter may be considered socially accepted as normal.

In Spain, the last years of the Franco’s regime coincided with the hippy movement, which may explain its weakness. However, wherever there were hippies, nudism was practiced, (even though they had to keep hiding from the Guardia Civil, the paramilitary police). Probably we owe it to these forefront pioneers having set up the basis for what the nudist movement in this country is, as we see it nowadays.

Carlos Ortega,
ADN member No. 332

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